<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>In more bad news for tigers and animal lovers in Maharashtra, the state lost yet another tiger. The big cat was killed by another carnivore in the buffer zone of the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve. (TATR).This has taken the number of tiger mortalities in Maharashtra this year to 15, which is at par with the highest toll recorded.State forest department officials said that forest department staff, who were visiting the Janala village in Chandrapur after a farmer’s cow was killed by a tiger, had chanced upon the carcass of the slain big cat on Wednesday. “The tiger may have been killed in a fight with another tiger. The slain tiger was aged around one-and-half years,” said an official. The tail and a rear leg of the killed tiger was severed from his body during the fight and some part of the body was also eaten by wild animals making it difficult to identify the gender. “The other tiger too may have been injured badly in the fight as we heard it cry out in pain at a distance,” the official added. In 2016, India lost 98 tigers–the highest since 2010 and this year, the toll stands at 79.In 2016, Maharashtra accounted for 15 mortalities–the highest so far. In 2015, Maharashtra’s tiger deaths stood at 12, up from seven in 2014 and 10 in 2013. Tiger mortalities were 13 in 2012 and four each in 2011 and 2010. As on November 17 this year, the tiger deaths in Maharashtra are 15. Since November 4, 2016, a total of six tigers have been electrocuted in the state. This includes Srinivas, the son of Maharashtra’s iconic tiger Jai, who was electrocuted to death in the Nagbhid range in April. Maharashtra has six tiger reserves, namely Tadoba Andhari, Pench, Bor, Sahyadri, Melghat and Navegaon Nagzira. According to the tiger census, results for which were released in 2014, India has 2,226 tigers, up from 1,706 in 2010. The state has around 190 such big cats, more than the figure of 169 in 2010.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>After the electrocution deaths of six tigers in just over a year, the state forest department will promote solar fencing of farmsteads to prevent animals from entering them. Officials note that many farmers who illegally electrify their farm fences or put live wires near their fields claim that they do so to prevent crop depredations by wild animals. However, this leads to these animals being electrocuted on coming in contact with the live wires. Since November 4, 2016, a total of six tigers have been electrocuted in the state. This includes Srinivas, the son of Maharashtra’s iconic tiger Jai, who was electrocuted to death in the Nagbhid range in April.In 2017, Maharashtra has lost 15 tigers due to various causes of which five deaths are due to electrocution.On Tuesday, senior officials from the state forest department attended a meeting in New Delhi with their counterparts from the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA). “We will undertake joint patrolling with field staff from the Maharashta State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (MahaVitaran) to prevent illegal hooking of power lines,” said an official who attended the meeting.Another official added that based on a vulnerability map drawn up by the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) for the Vidarbha landscape, areas which needed top priority to mitigate man-animal conflict will see solar fencing for farms being rolled out. This has been suggested by a three-member committee of senior forest officials. It will be on the lines of the areas around the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) where around 2,000 small and marginal farmers have seen their fields being protected using this technique. “It has turned out to be quite successful and cheap,” the official said, adding that fencing a two to three hectare area cost around Rs15,000, of which 75% was contributed by the forest department with the beneficiary pitching in with the rest. “Awareness will also be created in the farmers and offenders will be booked under the relevant sections of the Wildlife Protection Act and the Electricity Act, 2003,” he noted. However, forest officials admit that there are instances where live wires are placed around farms for poaching animals, including herbivores for bush meat. Maharashtra has six tiger reserves, namely Tadoba Andhari, Pench, Bor, Sahyadri, Melghat and Navegaon Nagzira. According to the tiger census, results for which were released in 2014, India has 2,226 tigers, up from 1,706 in 2010. The state has around 190 such big cats, more than the figure of 169 in 2010.BOX:*In 2016, India lost 98 tigers–the highest since 2010. Of these Maharashtra accounted for 15 mortalities–the highest so far. The number of tiger deaths as on November 15, 2017, stands at 78. *In 2015, Maharashtra’s tiger deaths stood at 12, up from seven in 2014 and 10 in 2013.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>There is a new danger lurking for Maharashtra’s tigers—that of death by electrocution. Between November 2016 to November 2017, the state lost six tigers due to poaching by electrocution.This includes Srinivas, who was electrocuted to death in Nagbhid range in April. In 2017, Maharashtra lost 15 tigers to various causes, of which five deaths are due to electrocution.”Patches around farms are electrified to kill herbivores, but it leads to the deaths of carnivores like tigers and also human beings,” said a senior forest department official. Sometimes, tigers are killed along with the herbivores when the two are electrocuted during the chase.He added that many put on electrified wires deliberately for poaching. “If these agriculturists want to protect their crops, they can use solar fencing as it has been done in the villages in a 2,500 hectare area around the Tadoba Andhari tiger reserve,” the official said.”The major problem is 11KV lines, which are illegally hooked. The Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (MahaVitaran) should launch underground cabling and insulation of networks in these areas and also shift these poles to the main roads to prevent them from being tapped,” he noted.Dr Anish Andheria, President, Wildlife Conservation Trust (WCT) said that it was a grave situation as electrocution was killing more animals than organised poaching. “We got to know about tigers as two of them were even radio collared think about the numbers of leopards, wolves and other mammals killed due to electrocution and never reported,” he said.History speaksIn 2016, India lost 98 tigers — the highest since 2010. Of these Maharashtra accounted for 15 mortalities.In 2015, the deaths stood at 12, up from seven in 2014 and 10 in 2013.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The state forest department recovered the carcass of a tiger cub at Talodi near Chandrapur district on Thursday. The district, which accounts for a significant tiger population in Maharashtra, also saw an incident of man-animal conflict with a leopard injuring five people.Since April 1, the Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) and the neighbouring Chandrapur territorial circle saw eight people being killed in tiger and bear attacks. This indicates a rise in man-animal conflict as human population and numbers of tigers and wild animals are both increasing.A forest department official said they found the body of a two-month-old tiger cub floating in a pond near Govindpur in the Brahmapuri forest division. “This seems to be a natural death as the body parts are intact,” the official said. However, he added a post-mortem will be conducted.In another incident, the official added, a leopard had attacked and injured five people at Manemohadi near Talodi. “We have sealed one side of a pipe in which the leopard is hiding, and have kept a trap at the other side to catch him. However, the crowd outside is huge which has led to the leopard refusing to come out,” he explained.Three of the injured in the incident, Giridhar Mundhare (45), Vikas Jiwtode (35) and Daulat Dhadse (55) have been sent for medical treatment to Chandrapur city and two of the victims, whose injuries are minor, are being treated at a local hospital.The TATR and Chandrapur territorial area have a healthy tiger populatiob. According to last year’s camera trapping exercise, there are 61 and 43 tigers respectively, the highest in Maharashtra. Officials admit that this has caused ‘overpopulation’ and thus, conflict.Maharashtra tiger population was around 190 in 2014, up from 169 in 2010. The tiger census results, released in 2014, said India has 2,226 tigers, up from 1,706 in 2010.The state has six tiger reserves — Pench, Tadoba- Andhari, Melghat, Navegaon-Nagzira, Sahyadri, Bor and Navegaon-Nagzira.IN SHORTThe cub that was found was only two-months old, according to forest department officials.
Officials said the cub died naturally as the body was intact.
In another incident, a leopard had attacked five people. Of the five injured, three were sent to nearest city hospital.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>In what could bring relief to thousands of forest-dwellers, a decision pending since 2009 finally seems headed for closure. The issue concerns changing of the legal status of forest land, used to rehabilitate villages from core areas of tiger reserves and other protected areas, to revenue land. DNA has learned that the subject is on the agenda of the meeting of the National Board for Wildlife (NBWL) today.If passed, the decision will have significant ramifications for thousands of forest dwelling tribal communities, who are being pushed to relocate outside protected areas without absolute ownership of land.In 2009, the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) had, in fact, issued an order allowing state forest departments to convert forest land to revenue land in retrospect. In that order, the MoEF’s forestry wing said that many tribal communities were “unable to become absolute owners of the land allocated to them and ongoing developmental works are not implemented.”The 2009 order was based on a Supreme Court order in the case of relocation of three villages from Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary. The order allowed conversion of forest land to revenue land. But, ministry officials argued that a blanket order cannot be issued and thus, the 2009 order fell through. The SC, though, in September 2016, clarified that NBWL could take a decision on the matter.The rehabilitation issue is huge and slow moving, as tribal communities, fearing being stripped of resources outside forests, are often hesitant to relocate. As per the Wildlife Protection Act 1972, forest dwellers staying in the core and critical tiger habitats can be relocated only voluntarily.As per official records, of 751 villages inside core tiger habitats, 171 have been relocated, with Maharashtra alone relocating 69 of these. However, the figures indicate only the relocated villages and not the ones moved to forest land.Forest rights campaigners say that changing the legal status of forest land into revenue land will solve only one part of the problem. “So many villages have been relocated in a haphazard, and in some cases illegal, manner,” said Shankar Gopalkrishnan, National Secretary of Campaign for Survival and Dignity, a federation of tribal and forest dwellers’ organisations from 11 states.In the past, villages from tiger reserves have been relocated on land earmarked for community forests or identified for compensatory afforestation, giving rise to conflicts. Many states portray a misleading picture about the total forest land, said Ritwick Dutta, environmental lawyer, Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment. “The change in legal status will also bring to the fore the actual picture about the area under forest cover, he said.
<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>A tigress who had killed at least three women last month and was roaming in Shivni range of forests in buffer zone of Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) was captured by forest personnel today. “The feline was spotted in compartment no-233 under Shivni beat in morning and was tranquillised successfully. The tigress was shifted to Moharli nursery in a cage for preliminary medical checkup,” a department release stated. According to foresters, the behaviour of the tigress was found to be unusual and she was often sighted in the farms adjoining the villages in Brahmapuri and Sindewahi range of forests under TATR buffer zone since last month.(This article has not been edited by DNA’s editorial team and is auto-generated from an agency feed.)