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Post-mortem must in UP infant deaths

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Post-mortem will soon be conducted in all future deaths of babies below five years of age in eastern Uttar Pradesh to examine the worrying trend and correct healthcare systems, a senior central government official told DNA. The move comes after rising casualties in Gorakhpur’s state-run BRD Hospital recently shook the nation.A child health and mortality prevalence surveillance (CHAMS) will be conducted, initially in four UP districts including Gorakhpur, Kushinagar and Maharajganj.About 45% deaths (4,118 of 9,000) due to Encephalitis infection or brain inflammation in India have occurred in UP since 2010. Most vulnerable to die are children below five.Initially, the CHAMS exercise will be conducted in public hospitals and will gradually spread to conducting post-mortem of babies that die at homes.”Post-mortem will be done in a minimally invasive method, wherein biopsy samples of various body part tissues, including those from brain, kidney and liver, will be extracted. Our idea is to capture the cause for every child who dies,” said Dr Soumya Swaminathan, secretary, department of health research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).The mystery of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES) in Gorakhpur only gets murkier and the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) aims to crack it by ascertaining its causes.”Of every 100 deaths due to AES, the cause is known in 40 cases . Majority are due to Scrub Typhus infection, while other causes include dengue, malaria, meningitis and Japanese Encephalitis. Now conducting post-mortem in each death will be a step forward to further investigate causes in more cases about which we are still in dark,” Dr Swaminathan said.Vital death registration systems are very poor in India. Only 10% of all deaths are ascertained for a cause, according to the World Health Organisation.”Of all babies succumbing in BRD Medical College, very few undergo systematic post-mortem. CHAMS will provide evidence-based insights into causes, leading to better intervention strategies on the ground,” said Dr Swaminathan. “After death, the cause is mentioned as cardiac failure or something of that sort which may be the ultimate event but not the underlying cause. This is why CHAMS is required.”She emphasised that obtaining the family’s consent to conduct post-mortem is crucial and necessary. “This is why we will first start with investigating deaths in hospital set-ups and then move into communities. Each district will have 10 to 15 outreach workers who will go until the homes to convince families to participate in the CHAMS exercise,” she said.”Families’ consent will be obtained before conducting post-mortem in both hospitals and community set-ups. Before the exercise begins in UP, a pilot will be conducted at Safdarjung Hospital in Delhi. The plan should roll out in next six months.”Conducting post-mortem to ascertain clinical causes of deaths has been successfully employed in countries such as Mozambique, Mali and Bangladesh.BRD Hospital hogged international headlines when 31 deaths took place during August 10-11, amid reports of oxygen supplies being snapped due to unpaid bills. As many as 296 children died of encephalitis and other tropical illnesses at the Gorakhpur facility in August. Deaths have continued.Eight hospital staffers, including then Principal Dr Rajiv Mishra and his wife Purnima Shukla, and the oxygen supplier Manish Bhandari, had been held responsible for the August tragedy. They are in Gorakhpur’s jail.

NHRC reprimands Kejriwal govt over 78 deaths in its care home

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) has reprimand the Delhi government for failing to explain how and why 78 people died in a state-run leprosy home in northeast Delhi’s Tahirpur in five years. The NHRC has asked Chief Secretary MM Kutty to do proper explaining. The deaths happened between 2008 and 2012 but the city government has failed to explain to the NHRC the reasons behind them.The NHRC said that the government’s report “is silent about the cause of deaths and also about the allegations of financial irregularities”. The human rights watchdog had earlier said: “Chief Secretary, Government of NCT of Delhi, be asked to direct an officer of Home Department to cause an inquiry regarding the allegations of financial irregularities and also the cause of deaths.”Pursuant to the NHRC directions, the Deputy Secretary (Home) had submitted a report which gives the cause of only 22 deaths. “However, it has not given the details of all individual cases and their cause of deaths,” the notice said.NHRC said that an inquiry into the matter must be carried by a sub-divisional magistrate. The commission also wants to know whether between 2008 and 2012 any doctor was assigned to look after the health of the inmates and whether any clinic is available for them.

Oxygen supplier held over India hospital deaths

More than a hundred children died in August because of an alleged shortage in oxygen supply.

Fire in Juhu’s under construction building, five labourers dead

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>An under construction, 13 storeyed Prarthna building, opposite Kaifi Azmi Park, next to Green Acres, Juhu reported a fire call at 10.10 pm, which resulted in the deaths of five labourers.According to BMC’s disaster management, fire was due to a cylinder blast. An official confirmed that the fire was confined to ground floor in an area of 50 ft x 100 ft . to scrap material and wooden articles thereby causing fatal burn injuries to five. The injured were moved to Cooper hospital.An Accidental Death Report is being registered at Juhu police station and police are carrying out preliminary inquiry. Most of the deceased were labourers, a police officer from Juhu police station informed.

India baby deaths: Second hospital probed

Up to 49 children may have died at a second Uttar Pradesh hospital, after dozens died in Gorakhpur.

Gorakhpur hospital tragedy: 13 more babies die in BRD Hospital; 2017 death toll goes to 1,317

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The spate of deaths continued in the state-run Baba Raghav Das Medical College hospital here with 13 more children dying in the past 24 hours, taking the toll to 1,317 so far this year.As many as 13 children, 10 in NICU and three in general paediatric ward died in the past 24 hours, the newly-appointed principal of the college Dr PK Singh said today.No death was reported in the encephalitis ward during this period, Dr Singh said, adding that 53 new cases were admitted in the hospital.This year there have been a total of 1,317 deaths in the hospital so far.According to hospital records, in January 152 children died, in February 122, March 159, April 123, May 139, June 137, July 128 and August 325, besides in September 32 children have died so far

UP train accident: Mamata condoles loss of lives

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee today condoled the loss of lives in a train accident near Khatauli in western Uttar Pradesh and said passenger safety should always be first priority of Indian Railways. “Deaths due to accidents pain us all. Condolences to families who lost loved ones. Safety must always be No.1 priority of Indian Railways,” she said in a tweet. Fourteen coaches of high-speed Utkal Express jumped the rails, with one of them crashing into a house adjacent to the track near Khatauli this evening, claiming at least 23 lives and leaving a large number of passengers injured. The accident occurred around 5.45 pm near Khatauli town in Muzaffarnagar district. Railway ministry officials in Delhi, however, put the number of dead at 12. The train was coming from Puri in Odisha and going to Haridwar in Uttarakhand, normally a journey of about 36 hours.(This article has not been edited by DNA’s editorial team and is auto-generated from an agency feed.)

Infant deaths: UP Cong accuses Adityanath of trying to

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Uttar Pradesh Congress president Raj Babbar today charged Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath with trying to influence the ongoing probe into the death of 60 children in Gorakhpur’s BRD medical college. “Even before the probe report is out, the Chief Minister’s statement that the deaths have been caused due to encephalitis indicate that he wants to influence the ongoing probe,” the Uttar Pradesh Congress Committee chief said. Led by Babbar, the Congress workers demanded Adityanath’s resignation during a dharna against large number of infant deaths in the Gorakhpur hospital. The Congress leader said that the UP CM expressing concern over the issue after 36 hours of the deaths of the children only proves his “insensitivity over the matter”. “The entire responsibility of the infant deaths is on the state government and its leader. Action is being taken against the doctors and officials only to divert the attention,” he said. The UPCC president said that soon after the deaths, the Chief Minister said that oxygen shortage was not the cause of the deaths…if that was so, then why raids are being carried out on the premises of the supplier”.(This article has not been edited by DNA’s editorial team and is auto-generated from an agency feed.)

India hospital: 60 children die in Uttar Pradesh

Officials deny reports that the deaths were caused by a lack of oxygen supply over unpaid bills.

Gorakhpur deaths: BJP MP Sakshi Maharaj claims oxygen was cut, blames supplier

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>BJP MP Sakshi Maharaj today said 30 infants died in a Gorakhpur hospital because oxygen supply was cut off over non-payment of dues.He demanded stringent action against those responsible for the tragedy in Baba Raghav Das Medical College Hospital, where 30 children are believed to have died in 48 hours.”The deaths which took place in a Gorakhpur hospital were very saddening. The person, who switched off the oxygen supply on the pretext of non-payment of dues, was responsible for the incident,” the MP from Unnao told reporters.Denying media reports that he had termed the incident as a “massacre” (narsanhar), Sakshi Maharaj said, “I have never said so. I said the deaths were not natural and steps should be taken to ensure that such incidents are not repeated in the future.”

At 902 girls, Capital sees rise in sex ratio

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The Capital has a reason to rejoice as it sees an increase in sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) 2016 as compared to the previous year. There also has been a dip in the number of infant deaths, says a Delhi government report on registration of births and deaths in 2016.”The situation is getting better and Delhi has shown a healthy improvement in the sex ratio. Delhi’s sex ratio at birth increased from 898 in the year 2015 to 902 in the year 2016,” informed Delhi Deputy Chief Minister Manish Sisodia while releasing the report on Wednesday. The report was prepared by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics.”The Infant Mortality Rate per thousand live births has decreased by approximately by two per cent– 23.25 in 2015 to 21.35 in 2016,” he added. Infant mortality rate is the number of deaths of infants under one-year-old per 1,000 live births.Septicemia remained the major cause of deaths with around 7,675 people died due to the disease in 2016– 8.48 % of all deaths in Delhi. Hypertenstion remained the second major killer taking a toll on 6835 lives which was 7.55 percent of the total deaths in the national capital.The report said that the average number of births per day in Delhi during 2016 is 1036 and average number of deaths is 387. Thus the net natural increase in population of Delhi is 649 per day and 2.37 lakhs in a year. The remaining increase in the population of Delhi is due to migration.It further said that the average number of births registered in Delhi during 2016 were 379161 as compared to 374012 during 2015 and 373693 during 2014. “Out of 379161 total registered births, 199358 (52.6%) were male and 179738 (47.4%) were female,” Sisodia said.He also informed that the total number of deaths registered in Delhi during 2016 were 1.42 lakhs as compared to 1.25 lakhs in 2015. “Average number of deaths registered per day in Delhi works out to 387 during the year 2016. The death rate per thousand population works out to 7.61 during the year 2016. About 64% of the total deaths were reported by the Hospitals and remaining 36% were domiciliary deaths,” Sisodia added.

Maharashtra: Srinivas tiger from Nagbhid ranges dies of electrocution

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>The April jinx for the Maharashtra forest department continues. Exactly a year after the mysterious disappearance of the famous tiger Jai of Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary (UKWS) his three-year-old male cub, Srinivas, has been found dead on Thursday after being electrocuted accidentally in an electric fence setup for herbivores by a farmer.As per the forest officials, Srinivas’s carcas was exhumed from a farm in Maushi village in Nagbhid range located in the Bramhapuri division. The tiger’s territory was around Paoni and Nagbhid ranges in Bhandara and Chandrapur district. “The radio collar that was strapped around its neck by Bilal Habib and his team of researchers from Wildlife Institute of India (WII) was found on April 19 after which a search operation was launched for the tiger. However after staff found tiger scat near a farm on Thursday and began enquiring with the locals and soon it led them to Mahadev Irpate, Shubham Uke and Uttam Irpate, who confessed that the tiger was killed due to the electric wire fence they had set up to protect their farm,” shared a forest official adding that they told the investigating team that they had no intention to kill the tiger and the fence was set for herbivores that damage the crop.According to Brahmapuri deputy conservator of forests Kulraj Singh, the accused even informed the forest department that after they found that a tiger had been killed they were scared and decided to bury it close to their farms and even removed the collar and threw it away, which finally led to the dead tiger. “The post-mortem was conducted and the carcas has been cremated as per the procedure,” said Singh.AT A GLANCENumber of Deaths of Tigers in 201739 Tigers to have died in India till 27 April 13 Tigers to have died in April 2 Tiger to have died in Maharashtra due to electrocution ​The death of Srinivas has also yet again ignited the collaring debate. “It’s become a trend to blame radio collars for everything. What can a radio collar do to ensure a tiger is not electrocuted, it was an unfortunate incident and in fact, it was the collar led to the site,” said a wildlife expert.“One tiger is killed every fourth day and at this pace, we will lose out our national animal sooner than we realise. Apart from various instances where collars have failed to work, this one goes to show that even after getting signals, the department could not do anything. Ideally, if the forest officials knew that Srinivas is in and around human habitation they should have begun patrolling to ensure there is no man-animal conflict,” said wildlife photographer Sarosh Lodhi, coordinator of Conservation Lenses and Wildlife (CLAW).The tiger was named after the former Field Director of Pench Tiger Reserve M Srinivasa Reddy and has a cub brother Bittu that has also been collared and was last spotted in the Paoni area. Srinivas is the second tiger from Maharashtra to have died of electrocution as in January this year an adult tigress was found dead due to electrocution in Pench Tiger Reserve.

Two-wheeler riders account for 35 per cent of road deaths

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Even as two-wheeler riders account for 35 per cent of deaths in road accidents in the Capital, motorists still do not feel the need to wear helmets or invest in good quality helmets.Of the total number of fatal accidents in the city in 2016, 35-40 per cent of the deaths were due to riders “not wearing helmets” or “poor quality helmets”, revealed the Delhi Police annual report.In its road safety exhibition held in 2016, the traffic police had conducted a workshop with students and motorists, including pillion riders, especially women, urging them to wear helmets for their own safety.With as many as 8,88,913 two-wheeler riders being challaned for not wearing helmets, bikers emerged on top for violating traffic rules, while 3,96,110 challans were issued to pillion riders. “During road safety week, we urged riders to wear good quality helmets. It was observed that in most accidents, deaths were caused due to head injuries, which could have been prevented if the riders were wearing helmets. We asked riders not to discard helmets as a formality, but use them as proper head gear to minimise the risk of injury. We are increasing enforcement to ensure discipline and prevent fatalities on roads,” a senior traffic officer said.Besides, 1,02,352 challans were issued to bikers for triple-riding and as many as 92,037 people, both bikers and motorists, were issued challans for jumping the red light in 2016, while 2,05,470 were challaned for dangerous driving. Traffic policemen issued 676,301 challans for improper parking.A total of 86,771 violators were issued challans in 2016 for over-speeding and 231,813 motorists were challaned for driving without a seat belt. Challans were issued to 4,930 motorists for driving vehicles while using mobile phones and 28,006 challans were issued for drunken driving.

Deaths during delivery: Hyd collector to conduct inquiry

<!– /11440465/Dna_Article_Middle_300x250_BTF –>Telangana government today ordered an inquiry by Hyderabad district collector Rahul Bojja into the deaths of five women during the delivery procedures at the state-run Niloufer hospital here in the last about 10 days. Inquiry by the collector will be in addition to three-member panel already formed to ascertain the cause of deaths, a state government release said. The decision of inquiry by Hyderabad district collector was taken at a meeting held by state health minister C Laxma Reddy. The collector has been asked to submit report in a week. A three-member committee of senior doctors was formed yesterday to ascertain the cause of deaths of five women during C-section delivery procedures in the last about ten days at the state-run Niloufer Hospital here.(This article has not been edited by DNA’s editorial team and is auto-generated from an agency feed.)

Road accidents killed 3 people every 10 minutes in 2015, says report

By Swagata Yadavar

There were nine road accidents that killed three people every 10 minutes in 2015, according to new national data, an increase of nine percent over four years.

Road accidents killed 148,000 people in 2015 compared to 136,000 in 2011, according to the Accidental Deaths and Suicides in India report released by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). Road accidents accounted for 83 percent of all traffic-related deaths in India and 43 percent of all accidental deaths in 2015. Other traffic-related deaths were from railway accidents (15 percent) and accidents at railway crossings (two percent).

Source: National Crime Records Bureau

There were 464,000 road accidents in 2015, an increase of 3 percent from 2014, when there were 450,000 road accidents.

Representative image. PTI

Representative image. PTI

While Tamil Nadu (69,059), Karnataka (44,011) and Maharashtra (42,250) reported the most road accidents, Uttar Pradesh reported the highest number of deaths in road accidents (18,407).

The road transport sector contributes to 4.8 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), but India loses one-three percent of GDP due to road accidents, according to this 2007 report of the road transport working group of the erstwhile Planning Commission for the XIth Plan.

Despite a national road safety strategy and laws on speed limits, wearing helmets and seat belts and drunk-driving, the World Health Organization rates India’s enforcement as three out of 10 on speed limits, four out of 10 on wearing motorcycle helmet, 4 out of 10 on drunk-driving and 4 out of 10 on wearing seat belts.

Two-wheeler riders are most at risk

Two-wheeler accidents accounted for 29% of all fatal road accidents in 2015, claiming 45,540 lives, followed by trucks (19 percent), which killed 28,910 people and cars (12 percent), which killed 18,506 people.

Source: National Crime Records Bureau

Tamil Nadu (3,668) and Maharashtra (3,146) reported the largest number of people killed in two-wheeler accidents, while Uttar Pradesh had reported the largest number of lives lost due to truck accidents (5,720) and car accidents (2,135).

More pedestrians were killed in Maharashtra (1,256) than any other state, accounting for 17 percent of pedestrian deaths.

National highways, India’s most dangerous roads

Although national highways account for only 1.51 percent of India’s road length, they accounted for 28 percent of road accidents and 33% of road-mishap deaths nationwide in 2015.

State highways, three percent of India’s road length, contributed to 25 percent of road accidents and 28 percent of deaths due to road mishaps.

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Over-speeding most common cause of fatal road accidents

Over-speeding was responsible for 41% of death in road accidents, while careless or dangerous driving claimed 32% of death in road accidents. Poor weather (four percent) and mechanical defects (three percent) in motor vehicles were other causes for deaths in road accidents.

Source: National Crime Records Bureau

Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra had the most number of casualties due to over-speeding, with 15 percent and 12 percent of cases, respectively.

Uttar Pradesh had the largest number of deaths due to careless/dangerous driving (17 percent), followed by Maharashtra (nine percent).

Chennai has maximum accidents, Delhi deadliest

Chennai accounted for nine percent of all road accidents in 53 cities, followed by Delhi (nine percent) and Bengaluru (six percent).

Delhi (eight percent) and Jaipur (five percent) had the largest number of deaths in road accidents, among 53 cities.

First Published On : Jan 9, 2017 10:57 IST

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